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|Posté le: Dim 9 Juil - 14:10 (2017) Sujet du message: Syrian Refugees And Their Hosts Lives Livelihoods And Loc
|Syrian Refugees and their Hosts: Lives, Livelihoods, and Local Impacts in Jordan, Lebanon, and Kurdish Region of Iraq
by World Bank
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This report uses original data from households in three territories hosting the bulk of Syrian refugees – Jordan, Lebanon, and Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) – to understand the socioeconomic characteristics and living conditions of refugees and host communities and measure their impact on service provision, prices, and labor market outcomes. The survey in Kurdistan includes Iraqis displaced within their own border due to ongoing violence. This is the first comparable and comparative analysis of forced displacement across countries with differing policy regimes towards refugees.
The report presents evidence on a couple of important dimensions. First, it finds that despite the encampment policy in Jordan and KRI, many refugees live in urban clusters outside the camps. Second, irrespective of the policy governing the right to work, a large number of refugees are looking for work and are working wherever they can. These findings have significant policy implications. Concentration of refugee populations in urban centers has put strain on local service delivery. There is a need to build the capacity for service delivery by investing in local public goods. Pre-existing economic conditions of a country shape the space for policy response and the impact on a host community. The refugee crisis has laid bare the structural weaknesses in the economy and the labor market. Host countries must undertake the reforms that are long overdue to diversify the economy and create jobs.
The report targets a wide range of audiences: methodological experts interested in sampling hard-to-reach populations with existing national sampling frames and other sources of information (for example UNHCR registration); labor economists; development economists; scholars of migration and forced displacements; and policy makers in sending countries, host countries, and developed countries.
bound: 208 pages
publisher: World Bank Publications (May 22, 2017)
isbn: 1464810389, 978-1464810381,
weight: 1.1 pounds (